Rainer's virtual planet of technology interest




  History of the Internet and where I fit in

Eisenhower requests funds from Congress to set up ARPA. Approved as a line item in Air Force appropriations bill. ARPA established

Late summer 1958
NASA appropriations approved. Space & missile programs transferred from ARPA to NASA. ARPA budget left at $ 150 million

Ted Nelson proposes "Xanadu". First Paper on packet-switching theory by Len Kleinrock, "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets," published by RLE Quarterly Progress Report

Paul Baran, RAND Corporation study, "On Distributed Communication Networks"

April, 23 1962
I was born

August 1962
First paper on Internet Concept by J.C.R. Licklider & Welden Clark, "On-Line Man Computer Communication."

J.C.R Licklider memo addresses "Members of the Intergalactic Computer Network"

NASA (Bob Taylor) funds Doug Engelbart's "Augmentation Lab."

Communication Nets' a book by Len Kleinrock, provides the network design and queuing theory necessary to build packet networks. This work was a major factor in designing the communication network for the ARPANET

March 1964
First paper on secure packetized voice communications by Paul Baran. "On Distributed Communications Networks, "IEEE Transactions on systems. It is from this paper that the false rumor was started that the Internet was created by the military to withstand nuclear war.

"Moore's Law first postulated by Gordon Moore, Donald Davis, national Physical laboratory, UK packetizing data for store-and-forward communication

February 1965
First network experiments: Ivan Sutherland, director of IPTO at ARPA, gives contract to Larry Roberts at MIT Lincoln Laboratory.

October 1965
First network experiments: Lincoln Lab's TX-2 tied to SDC's Q32. This experiment was the first time two computers talked to each other and the first time packets were used to communicate between computers.

Bob Taylor wonders why his three computers should not be connected

October 1966
First paper on network experiments, Larry Roberts & Thomas Marill, "Toward a Cooperative Network of Time-shared Computers," Fall AFIPS Conference

December 1966
ARPA Communications Program begins. Larry Roberts becomes ARPA chief scientist and begins the design of the ARPANET. The ARPANET program as proposed to Congress by Roberts was to explore computer resource sharing and packet-switched communications.

April 1967
ARPANET Design Session held by Roberts at ARPA/IPTO Principal Investigator meeting in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It was at this meeting that Wes Clark suggested the use of minicomputers for network packet switches (IMPs) instead of using the mainframe computers themselves for switching

October 1967
Original ARPANET design paper, Lawrence Roberts, "Multiple Computer Networks and Intercomputer Communication", ACM Conference, Gatlinburg, Tennessee.

First use of the word "packet" by Donna Davies, Roger Scantlebury et al, in their paper "A Digital Communications Network for Computers" presented at ACM Gatlinburg. Donald Davies could not convince the British to fund a wide area network experiment.

Doug Engelbart's "mother of all demos": the mouse, windows, videoconferencing.

August 1968
Request for Quotations release for ARPANET by Larry Roberts, ARPA. The RFQ mandated the main packet-switching design elements for the ARPANET.

September 1968
ARPANET RFP responses received. Evaluation was by Roberts, ARPA staff and a group of ARPA contractors

December 1968
ARPANET contract awarded to Bolt, Beranek & Newman (BBN) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Frank Heart's group at BBN began to build the ARPANET Interface Message Processors (IMPs) The BBN group proposed to use Honeywell 516 minicomputers for the IMPs. The team included Bob Kahn, Severo Ornstien, Dave Walden and others

Senator Edward Kennedy's office sent a message of congratulation to BBN re: "Interfaith" Message Processor.

Department of Justice filed antimonopoly suit again IBM

April 1969
Host of IMP Specification #1822 released, written by Bob Kahn at BBN. The spec detailed the interface between ARPANET host computers and the IMPs. The IMPs needed to be connected to each computer with this unique hardware interface. It needed to be designed and built for each different computer attached.

Request for Comments (FRC) # 1 "Host Software" released, written by Steve Crocker, covering host-to-host protocol, the first output of the Network Working Group (NWG)

September 1, 1969
First node of ARPANET installed at UCLA Network Measurement Center, where Len Kleinrock's group connected the IMP to their Sigma 7 computer.

September 1969
Bob Taylor leaves ARPA for the University of Utah and Larry Roberts become fourth director of IPTO

October 1, 1969
Second node of ARPANET installed at Stanford Research Institute where Doug Engelbart's group connected it to their SDS 940 computer. The first ARPANET messages passed that day: "LOG-IN .... Crash! The network crashed on the letter "G".

November 1, 1969
Third node of the ARPANET installed at University of California, Santa Barbara, connecting to their IBM 360/75

December 1, 1969
Fourth node of the ARPANET installed at the University of Utah, connecting to their DEC PDP-10

March 1970
ARPANET first spans the US connecting BBN (node #5) into the Net.

June 1970
Xerox PARC opened. bob Taylor is found and associate manager of the Computer Science Laboratory.

July 1970
First packet radio network. Alohanet operational at University of Hawaii under Norm Abramson using the Aloha concept of random packet retransmission

15 nodes on he ARPANET: UCLA, SRI, UCSB, U of U, BBN, MIT, Rand Corporation, Systems Development Corporation, Harvard, Lincoln Lab, Stanford University, U of Illinois, Case Western Reserve, Carnegie Mellon, and NASA/Ames.

September 1971
First terminal interface processor (TIP) in ARPANET permitting terminals to directly dial into the network, greatly increasing the network growth

Federal Trade Commission accused Xerox of illegally monopolizing the plain paper copier market

March 1972
First basic e-mail programs, SNDMSG and READMAIL, written by Ray Tomlinson at BBN

July 1972
First e-mail management program, RD, written by Larry Roberts at ARPA to list incoming messages and support forwarding, filing and responding to them

July 1972
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) specification (RFC 354) released by Jon Postel, the editor of the Request for Comments and Abhay Bhushan, the chairman of the Network Working Group

October 1972
First, ARPANET public demonstration at ICCC in Washington organized by Robert Kahn of BBN. Kahn was then hired by Roberts into ARPA. 29 nodes on the ARPANET at the time.

Both Bob Metcalfe and Larry Tesler, among others, join Xerox PARC, the first Alto built by Lampson, Thacker, etc. at Xerox PARC

First international connections to the ARPANET: University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway)

May 1973
First Ethernet operation at Xerox PARC designed by Robert Metcalfe. He had expanded the Alohanet packet radio concepts and applied them to cable technology

May 22, 1973
Bob Metcalfe coins term "Ethernet" in Xerox PARC memo.

October 1973
Larry Roberts leaves ARPA, joining Telenet. the first packet-switching carrier, as CEO. Licklider returns to ARPA as Director of IPTO. Telenet proved that packet switching was fro more economic that the telephone network for data.

Intel launches the 8080 microprocessor

May 1974
First internetworking protocol. TCP outlined in a paper by Robert Kahn and Vincent Cerf. "A protocol for Packet Network Interconnection" Kahn and Cerf had started design in 1973.

June 1974
62 hosts on ARPANET

January 1975
Popular Electronics magazine featured what it announced as the world's first personal computer - the Altair 8800; Bill Gates and Paul Allen partner to write Basic for the Altair

July 1975
ARPANET management transferred to DCA, the Defense Communication Agency; Microsoft founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Atlantic Packet Satellite Network SatNet created; Apple Computer founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak; Queen Elizabeth II sends out e-mail

July 1976
Vint Cerf joins ARPA as program manager of the packet radio and packet satellite network

March 1977
111 hosts on ARPANET

The First West Coast Computer Faire, promoted by Jim Warren, took place in San Francisco's Civic Auditorium. Apple II launched - the first retail, mass-market personal computer.

March 1978
TCP protocol split into TCP and IP

June 1979
Bob Metcalfe and others found 3Com - Computer Communication Compatibility

October 1979
VisiCalc spreadsheet software goes on sale, designed for the Apple II

December 1979
Steve Jobs visits Xerox PARC to see a demonstration of the Alto

Tim Berners-Lee writes a program called "Enquire Within" - the predecessor of his World Wide Web

July 1980
NSF organizes CSNET, increasing it to 70 sites by June 1983 and integrating most computer-science sites by 1986

CSNET (Computer Science NETwork) built by collaboration of computer scientists at University of Delaware, Purdue University, University of Wisconsin, RAND Corporation and BBN through seed money granted by NSF to provide networking services (especially e-mail) to university scientists with no access to ARPAnet.

January 1981
Microsoft has 40 employees

August 1981
IBM announces the IBM Personal Computer; Microsoft creates the DOS operating system for the PC and its clones

September 1981
213 nodes on ARPANET

January 1982
Sun Microsystems founded by Vino Khosla, Scott McNealy, Any Bechtolsheim and Bill Joy; 3Com starts selling Etherlink connectors for IBM PCs

Summer 1982
Novell Data Systems sells its furniture to meet payroll, John Warnoc and Chuck`Geschke (Xerox PARC computer-science researchers) quit to start up Adobe Systems; Sun I, the Sun Microsystems workstation launched

December 1982
Drew Major and SuperSet colleagues decide to network the IBM PC

ARPANET and Defense Data Networks begin to use TCP/IP protocol, thus the Internet is born. Ray Noorda acquires control of Novell Data Systems and relaunches the company as Novell Inc.

Bob Taylor leaves Xerox PARC to found and manage Digital Equipment Corporation's Systems Research Center.

DCA splits MILNET from ARPANET, leaving 68 nodes on ARPANET and 45 on MILNET, the military network; NSFNet first established. Cisco systems founded (incorporated in 1984); Quantum's Q-Link online service offered to Atari and Commodore computer users.

Internet Activities Board (IAB) established.

June 1983
Novell's Netware" first demonstrated in Houston, Texas

September 1983
562 nodes on ARPANET

Desktop workstations come into being, many with the Berkeley UNIX operating system, which includes IP networking software.

November 1983
Domain Name System (DNS) designed by Jon Postelk Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge to support the e-mail addressing format, creating .edu. .gov, .com, .mil, .org, .net & .int.

January 1984
1,000 hosts on the Internet; Whole Earth's 'Lectronic Link (Well) established.

October 1984
1,024 nodes on ARPANET/Internet.

NSF organizes NSFNET backbone to connect five supercomputing centers and interconnect all other Internet sites; Quantum launches bulletin board subscription service with graphical user interface (GUI).

March 15, 1985
Symbolic.com is assigned to become the first registered domain

5,000 hosts on the ARPANET/Internet

10,000 hosts on the Internet, first Cisco router shipped, Microsoft and 3Com join forces to compete with Novell; 25 million PC's sold in the U.S - one per six households.

December 1987
Sequoia Capital invests $2 million in exchange for one-tiers of Cisco Systems.

NSFNET backbone upgraded to T1 (1.544mbps)

100,000 hosts on the Internet; Microsoft and Novell discuss merger/acquisition (and do so again in 1991-1992); McAfee Associates founded; gives away anti-virus software to build market share; Quantum become America Online

Clifford Stoll released his book "The Cuckoo's Egg" - Tracking a spy through the maze of Computer Espionage

February 4, 1990
Cisco Systems goes public; at the IPO the company is valued at $288 million.

ARPANET is finally "installed" after 20 years; Tim Berner-Lee created the World Wide Web at CERN in Switzerland.

August 28, 1990
Sany Lerner is fired from Cisco systems (and Len Bosack resign shortly thereafter)

Bob Metcalfe retires from 3Com

Phil Zimmermann developed PGP and was distributed as Freeware

U.S. High Performance Computing Act (sponsored by Senator Al Gore) establishes the National Research and Education Network (NREN); James Gosling embarks on "The Green Project", which would become Java; venture capitalist Technology Associates and Summit exchange $10 million for 50% of McAfee Associates; each gains a 2000 percent return; CERN publishes the code for the World Wide Web on the internet

Phil Zimmerman release version 1 of Pretty Good Privacy

June 9, 1992
Congressman Rick Boucher's amendment of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950 allows commerce to flourish on the Net (signed into law by President Bush on November 23,, 1992); 1,000,000 hosts on the Internet

Sandy Lerner acquires Chawton Manor as headquarters for the Center for the Study of Early English Women's Writing.

January 2, 1992

This year was dedicated to my extensive technical training with Computer & Network Technology. Also, programming and Project Management were introduced in this year. Even by touching Computers a couple years before 1992, I would like to use January 1992, as the year of a career step.

January 2, 1993
I joined Microsoft - Information Technology

Mosaic browser developed by Marc Andreessen and others at University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana (UICU)

The Web grows by 341,000 percent in a year.

Both the White House and the United Nations go online.

U.S. Government files case again Phil Zimmerman claiming export violation

February 1994
Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen meet

Viacrypt obtains the right to sell PGP for commercial use. Viacrypt releases version 2.7.1

Architext Software founded by Joe Kraus, Graham Soencer, at al, at Rosita's Burritos, Redwood City, California

April 1994
Netscape Communications founded; Apple Computer launches e-world online service (decommissioned 1997); Jeff Bezos writes the business plan for Amazon.com, online bookstore; Jave's first public demonstration in Monterey, California

December 1994
Architext Software secures $300,000 in venture capital funding from Kleiner, Perkins; Microsoft licenses technology from Spyglass to develop a Web browser for Windows 95.

January 1995
Microsoft invests $16,4 million in UUNet Technologies, an Internet service provider to carry the traffic for Microsoft Network, to be included in Windows 95

February 1, 1995
I joined UB Networks (formerly Ungerman-Bass) to establish first Post-Sales department in Germany for UB Networks with extended coverage throughout Europe.

May 11, 1995
Bill Gates writes his watershed memo, "The Coming internet Tidal Wave"

NSFNEt reverts back to a research network. Main US backbone traffic now routed through interconnected network service providers.

August 9, 1995
Netscape's IPO, Shares priced at $ 28 open at $70

August 24, 1995
Microsoft's Windows 95 is launched

October 1995
Architext changes its name to Excite

Jan 1994
Legal case against Phil Zimmerman dropped by U.S. Courts

March 1994
PGP Inc. formed in merger with Viacrypt

April 1996
Excite's IPO values the company in excess of $200 million

May 1996
Pasha Roberts and Ridaus Bhathena win MIT's $50K Contest and establish their company, Webline.

Bob Taylor retires from Digital Equipment Corporation

Dec 1996
PGP Version 4.5 release with simple user interface and a mail plug-in for Eudora

McAfee & Network General became NETWORK ASSOCIATES

March 1997
Excite moves into its own 80,000-square-foot building in Redwood city, California

Jun 1997
PGP Version 5.0 released, first complete product code re-write since version 1.0

Aug 1997
PGP Version 5.5 released, for both Business and Personal, with PGP administrator

Oct 1997
PGP runs out of capital

Dec 1997
Network Associates acquires PGP Inc. in a stock swap

Cisco Systems market valuation exceeds $60 billion

May 1997
Newbridge Networks acquired UB Networks. and I moved to Newbridge EMEA Support

Version 6.0 release with PGP Disk for Windows and a plug-in for Microsoft Outlook

March 1, 1998
Xylan hired me to start a brand new Post-Sales Operation in Central Europe.

May 17, 1998
United States Department of Justice and twenty states file suit against Microsoft for anti-competitive practices in the Internet-browser market.

September 1, 1998
The Starr Report published on the Internet; traffic jams ensure

PGPVersion 6.5 released with Virtual Private Network (full X.509 support)

Early 1999
Alcatel acquired Xylan Corporation and I moved into Alcatel Internetworking Division as part of Xylan

September 2000
PGP Version 7.0 released based on new MS Windows code. Major version includes PGP Firewall, ICQ Instant Messenger plug-in, Windows 2000 Support, Notes mail plug-in and PGP Administrator for large deployments

September 2000
Rainer Bemsel designed first "User Authenticated VLan" based on Directory Server in Germany with Alcatel (Xylan) switches. This was reported in a technical magazine, belonging to Alcatel Internal News

September 18, 2000
Domain registration of BEMSEL.COM & BEMSEL.DE

October 1, 2000
www.bemsel.com goes online

Dec 2000
PGP Version 7.0.3 release for Consumer and Freeware users and 7.0.4 for Enterprise users, the last version of PGP to support Windows 95

Jul 2001
PGP Version 7.1 released including a Corporate Desktop Suite (PGP Mail, PGP Disk, PGP VPN, PGP Firewall)

Oct 2001
Network Associates announces PGP business unit for sale

Dec 2001
PGP Version 7.1.1 released

April1, 2002
I joined Network Associates

Jun 2002
PGP Corporation buys back PGP products and intellectual property from Network Associates

Aug 2002
PGP and Network Associates announce the sale of PGP assets. PGP Announces partner in Europe, Middle East & Africa

Oct 2002
Version 7.2 for MAC OS 9 ships

PGP moves into new corporate facilities in Palo Alto, California

PGP announces US and Canada partner reseller program

PGP assumes worldwide technical support responsibilities

PGP announces partners in Latin America, SE Asia and Australia

Sep 2002
Domain greypanthers.de has been registered

Nov 2002
Grey Panthers Webpage goes online. This Project was done to support my hockey team

Dec 2002
Version 8.0 for MacIntosh and Windows ships

PGP Personal and PGP Firewall ship

PGP release source code for peer review

Jan 2003
Network Associates acquires Anti-Spam Specialist DEERSOFT

April, 2 2003
Network Associates announced to acquire INTRUVERT NETWORKS

April, 4 2003
Network Associates announced to acquire ENTERCEPT SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES

June, 29 2003
www.bemsel.com has been redesigned and goes online again

May, 15 2004

I have joined Packeteer, the leading provider of Application Perfomance Management Platforms

July, 7 2004

I passed Packeteer Certified Expert Exam after 8 Weeks, 2 Days, 11 Hours & 15 Minutes. I never touched a PacketShaper before I actually joined Packeteer in May, 2004.

Q4 2004

Lee Chen founded A10 Networks

Dec, 22 2004

Packeteer announced that it has acquired Mentat Inc., a technology leader in protocol acceleration for satellite and high-latency network links. This opened a new technology
for me addressing Limitations of TCP

Sep,26 2005

Packeteer & Tacit Networks forge strategic alliance to deliver best-of-bread Server Consolidation Solutions

Sep, 05 2006

Packeteer buys Tacit Networks to meet WAFS needs. With Microsoft Partnership and Windows Storage Systems on a former Tacit Appliance
I was asked to cover that new technology, as well. I do not want to miss that experience, because it helped me a lot by running end-user projects in a broader sense.

June, 09 2008

Blue Coat completes Acquisition of Packeteer. Most of Packeteer Employees remained with Blue Coat Systems,
so did I and facing new challenges and opportunities.

February, 01 2009

Giving a new opportunity with NetQoS,
I accepted an offer to help NetQoS increasing business in DACH.

November, 19 2009

CA acquired NetQoS

April, 1 2010

NetQoS is now part of CA Technologies in the Service Assurance Business Unit. I am still responsible for NetQoS products inside this Business Unit